2021-10-28 Control Engineering
Labor shortages and supply chain disruptions are all coming together to cause a much slower recovery in the low-voltage drive market according to a report by Interact Analysis.
By: Blake Griffin
The performance of the low-voltage (LV) drives market is closely tied to overall global manufacturing output. In “normal” economic crises, manufacturing tends to endure a sharp contraction, followed by a strong rebound before plateauing. However, the COVID-19 crisis has gone very differently. Slow vaccine uptake, labor shortages and supply chain disruptions are all coming together to cause a much slower recovery in the manufacturing sector, and therefore in the LV drives sector, than might have been expected.
The graph illustrates how comparatively well the Asia-Pacific (APAC) marketed weathered the COVID storm in 2020, while the Americas and Europe, the Middle East and Africa (EMEA) saw a significant dip in revenues. It also describes the predicted steady, if not slow, recovery. Clearly, this is not a V-shaped bounce-back.
APAC weathers the COVID storm in 2020 thanks to the Chinese economic juggernaut
Global sales of low voltage motor drives dropped by approximately 8.9% in 2020. Interestingly, however, the impact of the pandemic on the market was very uneven, affecting some regions far more than others. EMEA was hit the hardest, with a -17.8% reduction in LV drive sales and the Americas saw a -11.9% contraction. But APAC actually saw a modest 1.1% growth in sales driven by the Chinese economy as the country managed, against all expectations, to maintain economic growth.
As a consequence, drive manufacturers embedded in the APAC market, such as ABB, Fuji and Inovance, gained global market share of the order of 1%, 0.5% and 0.3% respectively at the expense of manufacturers less exposed to the region. It should be noted, however, that not all drive vendors with a strong foothold in APAC fared well. Siemens, for example, the #2 supplier of drives in that region, saw a 0.5% contraction in sales, but that was because its biggest market for drives is Germany, which experienced a serious collapse in manufacturing during the pandemic, particularly in the automotive sector.
Stockpiling leads to boom in sales in first half, market to flatten in second half of 2021
In spite of the big contraction in sales in some major regions in 2020, the LV drives market is expected to see global revenues overtake pre-pandemic levels by 2022. Meanwhile, over the period 2020 to 2025, we predict the global market will grow with a CAGR of 4.8%. The first half of 2021 saw a significant increase in order volumes – up to 20-30% in some cases. Most of the orders were for delivery in the second half though, indicating that there has been significant stockpiling occurring. The result will be that the high rate of orders in the first half of the year will level out. We anticipate an overall 7.7% increase in global sales of LV drives in 2021, which pretty closely matches our forecast for global manufacturing as a whole, though it’s important to note that there are important customers in the drives market who lie beyond the scope of our wider manufacturing research, such as in the mining industry.
Long-term trend for annual price erosion is on hold
Historically, there has been a steady reduction of pricing in the drives market, of the order of 1 to 2% per year. It’s something the market has got used to and it’s caused by the fierce competition among vendors in the sector and the fact that customers in China, one of the biggest markets, have developed a taste for less functional, lower cost drives. The relentless downward pressure on prices in China has had a ripple effect across the global market. In the period 2019-2020 we saw prices remain flat, with the average selling price of a drive standing at $543.60, but in 2021 there was an uptick in pricing, with global price levels rising nearly 2.5%, raising the average selling price to $556.60.
This price rise was driven by the shortage of semiconductors, and it’s likely to remain around that level, as we do not anticipate seeing the semiconductor market return to normality until the second half of 2022, or even into 2023. There are also two other price drivers – the shortage of other raw materials and higher shipping costs. As a result, the gradual price erosion the market has become accustomed to will not return until 2024 at the earliest.
– This originally appeared on Interact Analysis’ website. Interact Analysis is a CFE Media content partner. Edited by Chris Vavra, web content manager, Control Engineering, CFE Media and Technology, email@example.com.