Reprint of OEE Tactical Brief sponsored by Yaskawa and published in Automation World, Packaging World, and Design World magazines. This is a collection of articles from the three publications combined with Yaskawa written articles to define Overall Equipment Effectiveness and examine methods to increase it through automation.
This white paper describes the benefits of a distributed motion network such as MECHATROLINK and the ability to improve operational efficiency on the plant floor. A scenario is described in which an amplifier replacement must be made. The Automatic Downloading of Parameters made possible by the MP2xxx network speeds the process.
MotionWorks Software, MP2000 Series (MP2300-MP2200), MP2100, MP2200, MP2300
This white paper discusses the common concerns users have when weighing the decision to install servomotors in place of stepper motors. Some of the key performance characteristics are discussed. To ease the pain of the transition for novice installers, the Sigma-5 Autotuning procedure is proposed and described. Several screenshots of actual response achievable are recorded.
In this paper, a new topology to soft charge the dc bus capacitor is proposed. Other techniques that have beenevaluated are also introduced. The relative advantages and disadvantages are discussed. Experimental tests to show the feasibility of the proposed idea is also provided.
In this paper, a new 18-pulse topology is proposed that has two six-pulse rectifiers powered via a phase-shifting isolation transformer, while the third six-pulse rectifier is fed directly from the AC source via a matching-impedance. This idea relies on harmonic current cancellation strategy rather than the flux cancellation method and results in lower overall harmonics. It is also seen to be smaller in size and weight, and lower in cost compared to an isolation transformer. Experimental results are given to validate the concept.
This paper revisits a non regenerative active front end system that has been studied in the past but offers significant improvements to make it acceptable to the drives industry. A three-phase current injecting inductor, required in the topology, is constructed in a five limb fashion and is shown to be helpful in limiting non characteristic harmonics. Since the current injected into the split dc bus capacitor is a 360Hz ripple, it is proposed that the main dc bus capacitor be split into film capacitor for ripple current and optimally reduced electrolytic capacitor for the main energy storage requirements. Experimental results are given based on the suggested improvement and low distortion levels that were not achieved in the past have been shown to be attainable. Comparison between a standard three-limb inductor and a five-limb inductor is made to highlight the performance improvements achievable. Adoption of the topology for common dc bus applications is also proposed.
White Paper authored by Steve Petersen, concerning the use of VFDs to eliminate PLCs and other external hardware. VFDs have reached the maturity level that eliminates the need to install and program a PLC which was previously needed to make many applications function. This advancement results in overall cost and space savings. Additionally, wiring and programming complexity is reduced significantly.
White Paper authored by Mike Rucinski describing how VFDs improve Input Power Factor. Power factor is an indication of how effectively a load uses power. A high power factor indicates effective utilization of electrical power, while a low power factor indicates poor utilization. Utilities charge higher rates when power factor is low because of the extra burden imposed on the distribution system. Not only does the distribution system have to accommodate the real power being consumed, but it must also accommodate the reactive (non work producing) component flowing within the system.
White Paper authored by Christopher Jaszczolt regarding automatic energy savings features of VFDs in conveyor applications. With a drive's automatic energy savings control, industrial applications can now begin to benefit from energy savings. Not all industrial applications run their motors at rated load. Those applications that do run at rated load generally do not do so on a full time basis. One such application that can benefit from energy savings control is a conveyer.
Regenerative energy is present when a motor is braking or overhauling due to the load. This causes the motor to act as a generator with the energy flowing back into the VFD. The diode bridge will stop current from flowing back to the line; thus charging up the DC bus capacitors and potentially causing faults due to high DC bus voltage. In this article, we will address this challenge by comparing various solutions which use line regeneration and common DC bus arrangements.